Chios Island

Chios: A Jewel in the Aegean

Chios Island is the fifth largest island in Aegean Sea and one of the biggest in Meditteranean Sea. Chios is Situated on the Northern Eastern side of the Aegean Sea.

Chios boasts a centuries-old history, medieval villages, blue sea waters and a complex scenery of mountains and beaches.

The island’s History is influenced by both Hellenic Period, Genoese, Ottoman and Byzantine periods, giving a unique style and architecture aparent in the whole of the island.

Chios, or “Chora” is the island’s main town and it is located in the middle of the island. Chios Town is a picturesque town, with a medieval Castle dating back in the 10th century.


Chios is famous for “Mastiha”, a unique product which has been harvested for at least 2,500 years. Mastiha is cultivated solely in Chios, and it is a product of unique origin. The process of cultivation is complex and it has remained traditional since the early days of its use.

The southern part of Chios is the one that the tree “Skinos” grows. This area has many settlements and villages, called “Mastichochoria” which are fortress-like, which unique built in order to maintain security in the old days when pirates used to raid the Aegean Sea, thus making the villages “private” and “out of sight from the sea”, protected by high walls, baracade doors and fortification to protect the sap from invaders.

History and Culture

Chios has a history that stretches back millennia. It was once home to the ancient city of Chios, and its name can be found in the works of famous ancient scholars and historians. Today, the island is dotted with reminders of its storied past, including Byzantine churches, Venetian castles, and Ottoman mansions. The medieval village of Mesta, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a prime example of the island’s rich architectural heritage, with its narrow alleys and stone buildings.

One of the island’s most enduring traditions is the cultivation of mastic, a resin obtained from the mastic tree. Chios is the only place in the world where this unique product is harvested, and it plays a significant role in the island’s economy and culture. Every year, the locals celebrate the Mastiha Festival, showcasing the many uses of mastic in both culinary and cosmetic applications.

Natural Beauty

Chios is a paradise for nature lovers. The island’s diverse landscapes offer something for everyone. The southern part of the island features lush valleys and citrus orchards, while the north is dominated by rugged mountains, making it perfect for hiking and exploration. The Kampos area is a stunning mosaic of orchards and medieval mansions, where you can take leisurely strolls and enjoy the fragrant scent of citrus blossoms.

The coastline of Chios is equally impressive. Pristine beaches, such as Karfas and Komi, with their golden sands and crystal-clear waters, beckon travelers to relax and swim. For those seeking a more secluded experience, the island also boasts hidden coves and rocky shores. The picturesque village of Emporios, with its black volcanic sand beach, is a unique destination on the island.

Culinary Delights

The culinary scene in Chios is a testament to the island’s bountiful produce and rich gastronomic traditions. Fresh seafood is abundant, and you can savor the catch of the day in the island’s many tavernas. A must-try dish is “kakavia,” a traditional Greek fish soup. Chios is also famous for its citrus fruits, and the orange and mandarin groves offer a delightful taste of the Mediterranean.

Local specialties include “soutzouk loukoum,” a sweet treat made with mastic, and “mastello,” a lamb dish slow-cooked with a hint of mastic flavor. Don’t forget to try the local cheese, “kopanisti,” known for its spicy and creamy texture. Pair these culinary delights with a glass of Chios wine, and you’ll experience a true taste of the island.

Activities and Festivals

Chios is not just about relaxing on the beach or exploring historical sites. The island also hosts a variety of festivals and events throughout the year. The Easter celebrations on Chios are renowned throughout Greece, with the Resurrection of Christ celebrated in a unique and awe-inspiring way. In July, the Chios Music Festival brings together international and local musicians for a series of concerts, while the Chios International Film Festival showcases the best in contemporary cinema.

For outdoor enthusiasts, Chios offers a range of activities, from hiking and biking to windsurfing and diving. Whether you’re an adventure seeker or a culture enthusiast, Chios has something to offer every type of traveler.

More that meets the eye

Chios is a hidden gem in the Aegean Sea, a place where history and tradition meet natural beauty and modern hospitality. Its rich culture, stunning landscapes, and delectable cuisine make it a destination that should be on every traveler’s radar. Whether you’re exploring ancient villages, lounging on pristine beaches, or savoring local delicacies, Chios promises an unforgettable experience that will leave a lasting impression. So, pack your bags and embark on a journey to discover the enchanting island of Chios.


© Copyright Koin.S.Ep. Diktio Xiakis Filoxenias Politismou & Perivalontos Ypiresies Enimerosis Episkepton k.a.